University of Luxembourg; firstname.lastname@example.org
Sofie R. Waltl
Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research & Vienna University of Economics and Business; email@example.com
The paper was awarded the NOeG Young Economist Award 2020 (best paper presented at the NOeG 2020 Conference by economists below 35).
Economic theory predicts that expectations on future house price growth are related to the current price of a house. We test this relationship for the supply side of the secondary housing market using micro data that links individual expectations to a subjective owner estimated value (OEV). We find a strong causal relationship that optimistic expectations indeed imply higher OEVs as compared to neutral or pessimistic expectations. We find qualitatively and quantitatively consistent results for Italy and the US as well as for booming and gloomy years. Our results survive ample robustness checks. Since we use subjective data on house prices, we first show that OEVs are indeed a valid source to study house price dynamics by performing three types of convergent validity tests. We find that price dynamics derived by either combining OEVs and dwelling characteristics, or making use of repeatedly provided OEVs by the same owner over time reproduce objectively measured market trends strikingly well – even over decades. In contrast, OEVs and objective data tend to differ in levels – potentially due to psychological bias. These results hold for a large set of countries. We hence conclude that the “wisdom of the home-owner crowd” is sufficient to study house price dynamics but OEVs are less suited for measuring the level of market prices.
JEL.: C43; D9; G4; R31
Keywords: Housing Markets; Expectations; Heterogeneous Beliefs; Subjective Data; Convergent Validity
Presentations (incl. scheduled): [International Conference on Real Estate Statistics, Eurostat, Luxembourg, February 2019] [LISER, Luxembourg, April 2019] [Vienna University of Economics and Business, Podersdorf, Austria, May 2019] [University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, February 2020] [NOeG Conference, Austria, February 2020] [The Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, April 2020] [The University of Melbourne, Australia, May 2020] [University of Bonn, July 2020][AREUEA-ASSA, Chicago, January 2021]